Tigers are terrestrial mammals that belong to the genus “Panthera” a classification that groups the five species of big cats: lions, jaguars, leopards, snow leopards, and tigers. They are easily recognizable by their unique black striped pattern on a dark orange coat and because they are the largest species of the Felidae family. The tiger (Panthera tigris) is the largest of the five big cats that belong to the genus “Panthera.”
Fiery and imposing. Aggressive and powerful. Tigers have aroused fascination in humans through millennia, but they have also experienced threats in their natural environment as a result of human activities.
The Tigers have an anatomy with over 600 muscles and a strong bone structure that makes them apex predators their natural habitat. They can leap more than 30 feet in a single jump which gives them an advantage when it comes to finding and attacking their prey, and they evolved from their ancestors for almost 2 million years continuously adapting to their environment.
All tigers are native to Asia and belong to a single species Panthera tigris, which has six subspecies:
– Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris)
– Siberian tiger (Panthera tigris altaica)
– Indochinese tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti)
– Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni)
– South China tiger (Panthera tigris amoyensis)
– Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae)
Tigers are ruthless and efficient hunters and lonely walkers. Around them, there is a mythology that puts these cats as symbols of positive values: strength, fierceness, tenacity, and power.